数据可视化工具

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可视化对数据分析至关重要。它是进行数据分析的第一个战场,可以揭示出数据内在的错综复杂的关系,在这一点上可视化的优势是其它方法无可比拟。“我们寻找意想不到的发现,我们挑战料想之中的观点。” (威廉·克利夫兰 William S. Cleveland,Visualizing Data一书作者。)以下几个是常见常用的:

1. Google Fusion Tables 链接 >>>

谷歌的这个在线数据库和映射工具已经被各大媒体机构广泛使用了,它使用起来方便,支持各种自定义的功能,能支持高达100MB的CSV文件处理,而且集合了谷歌地图自身的各种优势。刚开始使用的时候可能不大顺手,但是当你熟练掌握后,便会发现其强大,及时不会编程也能很快学会。另外,介绍一个方便的小工具,Fusion Tables Layer Wizard 可以帮助你配置文件并且生成代码,方便你嵌入地图在网站或博客中。谷歌自己的新手教程教你从零开始。

2. Tableau Public 链接 >>>

一般个人使用这个工具是免费的,这意味着你可以用这个创建各种复杂的可视化,支持多达100,000行以上的数据处理。卫报用Tableau做了许多有意思的图,比如早期的Budget 2012,结合不同类型的图在一起。你也可以用它做一个小型的数据中心,比如卫报的这个美国总统竞选资金募集项目,把各种信息堆积在一块。Tableau自己有一些在线的教程可供你从这里入手!但是Tableau的缺点也比较明显,对输入数据类型有要求,运行起来比较慢,且只能支持PC电脑,这也是很多Newsroom后来抛弃它的原因。

3. Google Spreadsheet Charts 链接 >>>

想要做一个简单的交互饼图或是柱状图吗?谷歌的Spreadsheet Charts是一个非常棒的工具。它不仅能够支持输入数据,也可以连接到数据库或Fusion Table。它支持的交互图类型非常多,有十多种选择,还提供了自己的API。它支持各种自定义,如改变颜色、尺寸、标签、坐标等等。同时你可以用Google Playground预览所有的可视化,只需要把相应的代码嵌入到你的网页中即可。

4. Many Eyes 链接 >>>

IBM的Many Eyes最早是由Fernanda B. Viegas and Martin Wattenberg创建的,初衷是想让人们通过简单的方法上传数据并且可视它们。现在,尽管它的创作者现在正和谷歌合作,很多人已经停止使用它了,它的更新和颜色都略有些过时。

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其它工具:

1. 信息图工具

  1. Visual.ly – Awesome community for creating and sharing infographics.

  2. Information Aesthetics – The relationship between design and information.

  3. Visualizing.org – Making sense of complex issues through data and design.

  4. Visual Complexity – A resource for the visualization of complex networks.

  5. Daily Infographic – A new infographic every day.

  6. GOOD Infographics – GOOD Magazine’s excellent infographics section.

  7. Information Is Beautiful – Ideas, issues, knowledge, data – visualized.

  8. Infographic of the Day – Fast Company’s excellent and long running series.

  9. FlowingData – Exploring how designers, scientists visualize data.

  10. Datastore / Datablog – Two great data journalism sites from the Guardian.

  11. Infographics Archive – A visual library offering infographics.

  12. Visual Loop – There’s an infographic for it… even if it didn’t happen!

  13. Infographr – All about infographics.

  14. Newsilike – An infographics blog from India.

  15. Video Infographics – Motion infographics that explain, educate or inform.

  16. Datavisualization.ch – A news and knowledge resource for data visualization.

  17. VisualJournalism – 80% of the news in infographics.

  18. Eagereyes – Reflections on the visual communication of data.

  19. Amazing Infographics – Cool information graphics.

  20. Submit Infographics – Share and rate infographics.

  21. The Infographics Showcase – Collecting infographics.

  22. I Love Charts – A Tumblr blog about charts.

  23. Well Formed Data – An infographics blog by a freelance data visualizer.

  24. Best Infographics – Pointing you toward great infographics.

  25. Infographic List – For those who love infographics.

2. 交互图工具

  1. Piktochart – Transforms your information into memorable presentations.

  2. Infogr.am – Create interactive charts and infographics.

  3. Gephi – Like Photoshop for data. Graph visualization and manipulation software.

  4. Tableau Public – Free data visualization software.

  5. Free Vector Infographic Kit – Vector infographic elements from MediaLoot.

  6. easel.ly – Create infographics online.

  7. Weave – Web-based analysis and visualization environment.

  8. iCharts – Charts made easy.

  9. ChartsBin – A web-based data visualization tool.

  10. GeoCommons – See your data on a map.

  11. VIDI – A suite of powerful Drupal visualization modules.

  12. Prefuse – Information visualization software.

  13. StatSilk – Desktop and online software for mapping and visualization.

  14. Gliffy – Online diagram and flowchart software.

  15. Hohli – Online charts builder.

  16. Many Eyes – Lets you upload data and create visualizations.

  17. Google Chart Tools – Display live data on your site.

3. 编程类库/包

  1. KeyLines – A JavaScript toolkit for visualizing networks.

  2. d3.js – Free JavaScript library for manipulating documents based on data.

  3. InfoVis Toolkit – A JavaScript tool for creating interactive data visualizations.

  4. Flare – Makes it easy to create interactive data visualizations (ActionScript).

  5. JS Charts – Free JavaScript charts.

  6. FusionCharts – JavaScript (HTML5) and Flash charts.

  7. amCharts – JavaScript and HTML charts.

  8. Highcharts – Interactive JavaScript charts.

4. 其它

  1. Wolfram CDF – Create “infoapps” using always-current data.

  2. Kaggle – Making data science a sport.

  3. KISSmetrics Infographics – Useful infographics by KISSmetrics.

  4. Better World Flux – A beautiful interactive visualization of what matters in life.

  5. Data Wrangler – Interactive tool for data cleaning and transformation.

  6. Lyza – Analyze, socialize, decide.

  7. A World of Tweets – Twitter visualization.

  8. QlikView – Business intelligence for everyone.

  9. We Feel Fine – An exploration of human emotion.

  10. Visual Economics – Unraveling complexities in financial data.

  11. ComponentArt DV – Present, navigate and visualize your data like never before.

  12. DOMO – Business intelligence platform.

  13. Infochimps – Big data infrastructure made clear.

  14. Evaluat3 – The best way to know your professional strengths (graphs).

  15. Webpages As Graphics – An HTML DOM visualizer app.

  16. Creately – Draw diagrams online using a collaborative approach.

  17. Wordle – Create beautiful word clouds.

  18. Tagxedo – Word clouds with style.